USS Independence (CVL-22) was the lead ship of a class of WW2 light carriers built from converted cruiser hulls. FDR was a fan of light carriers but Navy studies showed that smaller carriers were not nearly as effective. Pearl Harbor and the Essex-class construction schedule, even after accelerating it, meant that an interim solution was needed and light carriers got their chance. The Independence-class was built using Cleveland-class cruiser hulls and were rather limited ships, with an air group of only about 30 planes.
The Independence survived the war but post-war reality and the coming jet age doomed the class. The ship was used as a target in the Operation Crossroads nuclear weapons tests. It survived the operation and was studied before being scuttled in 1951.