About time

Army announces Combat Action Badge

(hat tip to a reader) This is long overdue:

The CAB may be awarded to any Soldier, branch and military occupational specialty immaterial, performing assigned duties in an area where hostile fire pay or imminent danger pay is authorized, who is personally present and actively engaging or being engaged by the enemy, and performing satisfactorily in accordance with the prescribed rules of engagement.

Commanders at the rank of major general will have award authority the CAB.

The CAB is distinct from other combat badges, officials said. The Combat Infantryman’s Badge, or CIB, and Combat Medical Badge will remain unchanged, they said.

The Army will release an administrative message outlining exact rules and regulations for the CAB in the near future, officials said. [emphasis mine]

I’ve written about the travesty of CIB rules previously.

The final design of the badge has not been approved, and detailed rules are still forthcoming. Seems to me that it should be retroactive to 9/11/01.


UPDATE: Phil Carter has much more on this.


  1. Hooaah!! Now lets train and equip every soldier (regardless of MOS) in the Army, Army Reserve, and National Guard to persevere as riflemen!

  2. Bram is right…….in today’s non linear battlefield I think we need to emphasize basic combat skills more for ‘support’ troops. Here, Here on the CAB! Something long overdue.

  3. I have been away, mostly because of field problems, and because I wanted peace of mind as I get ready for Tour #2. My thoughts on the CIB/CAB issue have gone round and round in debate after debate, mostly with the non-warrior types (and by this I mean MINDSET, not MOS) who think they deserve a CIB for the vaguest of reasons. (1) I NEVER supported the award of the CIB to tankers and cav scouts. This is straight out of AR 600-8-22, Page 50: ‘In developing the CIB, the War Department did not dismiss out of hand or ignore the contributions of other branches. Their vital contributions to the overall war effort were certainly noted, but it was decided that other awards and decorations were sufficient to recognize their contributions. From the beginning, Army leaders have taken care to retain the badge for the unique purpose for which it was established and to prevent the adoption of any other badge which would lower its prestige. At the close of World War II, our largest war in which the armor and artillery played key roles in the ground campaigns, a review was conducted of the CIB criteria with consideration being given to creating either additional badges or authorizing the badge to cavalry and armor units. The review noted that any change in policy would detract from the prestige of the badge.’ I feel that a Combat ARMOR Badge is long overdue and it should be awarded to both TANKERS and DISMOUNTS in the mechanized units in lieu of a CIB, which should be reserved for lightfighters. DA policy on the Combat Armor Badge has been throughly negligent and insulting to veterans, to put it mildly. (2) I do NOT support the blanket award of CIBs to even 11Bs. Once again, reference to AR 600-8-22, emphasis being mine: ‘There are basically three requirements for award of the CIB. The soldier must be an infantryman satisfactorily performing infantry duties, must be assigned to an infantry unit during such time as the unit is engaged in active ground combat, and MUST ACTIVELY PARTICIPATE IN SUCH GROUND COMBAT. Campaign or battle credit alone is not sufficient for award of the CIB.’ If a mortar shell landed a click away from you, you don’t deserve a CIB. If a few rounds went past you on convoy detail and you never dismounted to close with the enemy, you don’t deserve a CIB. If you spent your days on guard detail and got freaked out on Thursday when the Iraqis shoot celebratory gunfire for weddings en masse, you don’t deserve a CIB. If you NEVER DISCHARGED YOUR WEAPON AGAINST A VISIBLE ENEMY IN CLOSE COMBAT or were NOT required by your assigned MTOE task to engage in CLOSE COMBAT with an ARMED COMBATANT and were NEVER PLACED IN SUCH CIRCUMSTANCES, you don’t deserve a CIB. You did cordon and searches? You did pulled some time in OPs? You went kicking for IEDs on the side of Route Tampa or Iris, and you want a pretty Class 1 Badge for it? Get in a firefight. That goes for a hell of a lot of 11B infantry types too. If you’re female and you couldn’t join combat arms but still fight anyhow, maybe it’s time to kick your congressional representatives in the ass to change the rules on that. The rules on the CIB need to be tightened up so that all those unworthies who spend maybe a month in country and go back because of heatstroke or whatever don’t get earned credit because a mortar shell landed a few clicks away (seen it happen, seen worse cases too). (3) There is a precedent for awarding the CIB to even non-infantry MOS personnel. Once again, AR 600-8-22, emphasis mine: ‘In 1963 and 1965 HQDA messages to the senior Army commander in the Southeast Asia theater of operations authorized award of the CIB to otherwise qualified personnel ‘PROVIDED THEY ARE PERSONALLY PRESENT AND UNDER FIRE.’ U.S. Army Vietnam regulations went so far as to require DOCUMENTATION of the TYPE AND INTENSITY OF ENEMY FIRE encountered by the soldier. The intended requirement to be ‘personally present and under fire’ has not changed.’ There’s already been an exception to policy as stated above (and a perfectly reasonable one, I might add) so why not this? And 18 series (Special Forces) with the exception of their medics get CIBs and they’re not infantry (and a good number never started out that way) so how come that exception to policy stands and a cook whose M998 breaks down, who gets swarmed by non-compliant forces while waiting for the contact truck to arrive, PICKS UP HIS WEAPON AND FIGHTS – how come that cook can’t get a CIB? The CIB is awarded by the crateful to totally worthless, incompetent, and cowardly personnel who should have been drowned by their parents in the bathtub before they were inflicted on the Army, SOLELY BECAUSE THEY WERE 11Bs and BECAUSE THEY HAPPENED TO BE IN THE AREA. No criteria for direct fire, nothing. If we’re stringent on the Purple Hearts and need documentation for the DA4187, how come we can’t initiate the same process for the CIB? Make it a REAL valor award, not an entitlement. And really, do any of you seriously think the Combat Action Badge won’t be used to recognize the chronic underachievers and the FOB poodles who never set foot outside of the wire? Wouldn’t you, if you were a non-11B, feel cheated that you couldn’t get a CIB even for getting in a bona fide firefight and shooting back, yet see total loser 11Bs get it just for a few weeks at some retrans site playing Nintendo Gameboy and watching DVDs? Wouldn’t you feel insulted wearing a Combat Action Badge that is essentially a sop thrown to the 19 series guys who can’t get a Combat Armor Badge, the MPs who can’t get recognized as cavalry even though that’s what they basically are, and is awarded as ‘campaign credit’ to people you know should have been drowned in the bathtub by their parents? The ones who never set foot outside of their trailers, playing XBox and PS2 games, watching DVDs all day, who get cranky about having to wear their Kevlar helmets while riding on a military vehicle around the FOB while people outside the wire suck up heat and rounds in full IBA and double combat load of ammo? The standards need to be TIGHTENED. The regs need to be FOLLOWED. The deficiencies need to be ADDRESSED the RIGHT WAY. How many of you in the Army now have seen anything more than cosmetic changes now that the new ‘Warrior Ethos’ is in effect? Just another four lines to memorize for a Promotion Board is all it is. Everyone a rifleman? Yeah right. How many people walk through Qualification Ranges with 60 rounds instead of 40, or have buddies besides them shoot down targets for them? Too many of these people want a free ride, is what. They feel bad because they joined the Army for some college money and ended up having to goto Iraq or Afghanistan, like it was an unnecessary burden on them. Well, I feel SO bad national security imposed on these poor people. And because their nation asked them to step up and do the right thing, they want recognition even if they DIDN’T do the right thing – steal care packages, smuggle contraband back stateside, steal unit equipment, be FOB poodles – because ‘Hey I was in COMBAT’. You sure the hell better have been in REAL combat, not the imaginary type to demand the CIB, and you better have done something to truly deserve the CAB. Now that the thing exists, I don’t care if the Combat Action Badge stipulates you don’t have to be in CLOSE COMBAT to get it. Hey, if the regs say a mortar shell landing a few clicks away constitutes direct personal risk to life and limb and danger to self, by all means get the award rightfully and wear it. I’ve seen good people out the wire, and good people in the wire. The good people in the wire who have to deal with the UXOs and car bombs at the gate, and all sorts of other fun fun things deserve recognition if they do a good job – namely, the job their nation asks of them. But if you’re one of those that abuses the system and rides on the coattails of real workers, and even goes far enough to put others at risk? It matters not if you’re an officer or enlisted; don’t bother coming home from theater. Let your bones be buried and become part of the landscape. Better that than you wearing a uniform you’re a disgrace to and acting the part of the hero that you chose not to be. And should any of you frauds come home, I damn sure hope none of you runs for politics (a notable example comes to mind, I think you all know which one). And for those of you who want the system to work for the better of all, irrespective of MOS – if you know you are a rifleman first, you do your job and serve your nation with a good heart and total honesty – hats off to you. No DA service award does justice to the commitment you show every day. And if you’re over there in theater working right now and think the Combat Action Badge is the greatest thing in the world? See what the updates to AR 600-8-22 will say, and the kind of Soldiers who end up wearing it and drive on.

  4. If I understand Random Bulldog correctly, he wants to regs to be tightly enforced for the distribution of Combat Badges. I can agree with that. I do not really care if it is the CIB or a different badge. I just feel that the hypothetical cook you mentioned (or in my case a 31C Radio Operator working in the Infantry) should receive an equivalent award for being in combat (however that is defined). However, I do not want to see it being so tightly defined and administered that a soldier has to go through bureaucratic hell to receive the award either. I’ve seen outstanding soldiers never receive their Good Conduct Medal, for instance, because the Administrative bureaucracy. As for every soldier not presently proficient as a rifleman (like the Marines claim to be), that is a cultural mindset that the Army desperately needs to change. I’ve witnessed some of the rifle qualification cheating Bulldog mentioned, especially on the paper target ranges. One thing we could do to fix it is to actually allow soldiers to PRACTICE with their rifles. The last time I fired my M-16 was for annual qualification, the next time I fire a live round will probably be for the next annual qualification. How about we go to the range occasionally and just fire for practice? I am more proficient than most in my unit but would love an opportunity to work with a marksmanship instructor to improve my technique and just get in some practice before qualification. There are some decent simulators out there we also could use to work on marksmanship, but never do, if the cost of ammo is prohibitive.

  5. Bram – CIBs are issued at Brigade level (remember, no rank above COL is eligible for the award) and they are BLANKET ORDERS. With the exception of unit awards, which come down the pipe through DA MILPER messages, it is ridiculous to award en masse an award that is supposed to recognize PERSONAL risk to life and limb by doling it out through obscenely loose standards! The way it works now? Say I’m a replacement that arrives during the end of the unit’s rotation in Iraq. I arrive, say, 60 days before the unit is to ship back stateside. I land in the FOB as the mission companies are handing over things to the follow-on forces and basically spend my days in the FOB. A mortar shell lands on the far end of the FOB, perhaps eight clicks away. A week later I get heatstroke and am rotated to Landstruhl via Mosul, and back to CONUS. Guess what? I get a CIB. If you think that’s wrong like I do, you see something there that’s nothing less than abuse of the system. If getting Witness Statement Cards/Casualty Feeder Cards for a DA4187 so a Soldier can get a Purple Heart is routinely done for thousands of our Soldiers, why is it a pain in the ass to just punch out a simple DA4187 for Soldiers in close combat, considering multiple numbers will be involved in any single engagement and it’s just a copy and paste deal on FormFlow? The argument that Good Conduct Medals are screwed up, so CIB requests would be too, isn’t there. First of all, most guys get out after their first term and they’re only eligible for one of them anyways. And when they’re ACAPing out of the Army, guess what? Even if the S-1 screwed up (or the 1SG/CO approval authorities did) the GCM still shows up on your DD 214! In the absence of a memorandum from your CO stating that you are a douchebag unworthy of a GCM, the service automatically gives you one on discharge even if your ERB is screwed up and you never had it on. Furthermore, since the new BCTUAs came into being, GCMs are no longer finger-fumbled at Division level and higher; orders for the GCM are issued by individual Battalions and the signature authority is the Battalion Adjutant! If you can’t get the Awards Clerk to punch out your name and service date on a template and hand it off to his boss for a quick signature so you can square your promotion packet away? You need a lateral transfer to a Battalion that will take care of you. I think the hypothetical cook or you, the commo man in an Infantry Battalion, deserve the CIB for actions earned towards the award because you fall under the MTOE of a lightfighter unit and you have every opportunity to engage in the same tasks and risks that the infantry takes. If you, say, get in a shootout on a convoy? Bram, I say you deserve it, without question, reservation, or doubt. Should you never see the enemy? The award should be foregone. Same goes for any 11Bs. If you don’t get shot by the enemy, you don’t get a Purple Heart. If you don’t shoot it out with the enemy, you don’t get a CIB. How can this be unreasonable? Hell, I got furious when grunts cheat specifically to make the cut for EIB testing. The year I was cadre I made sure to get together with the other guys to get the news on who we knew or even remotely suspected of underhanded actions so they could be flushed out appropriately. There are just some things that the Army does NOT do well, and that is to give line units more of a training budget for ammo, more time on the range, even basic Armorer courses so people understand weapons better (think of how many SAW AD’s we could avoid if people knew how not to wear out the sear) … that we only goto the range for ‘check the block’ type quals is criminal. And Bram, I thought that quals were supposed to be SEMI-ANNUAL, not annual!? That change came in after that 82nd trooper accidentally blew away that young girl with the SAW he was unqualified on, long ago, if I remember right. I hope they give you enough greentips, or do they kick you off the range once you’ve shot Marksman or Sharpshooter once, and not give you time to get even an Expert ranking (not hard to do!?) If you have to pretend you can’t zero your weapon just so you can shoot more rounds at the zero range? Something is severely wrong with your unit. There are decent simulators out there, but what is needed is an initiative to field Marksmanship instructors and Combatives Instructors down to the Company level, so we can drill on the skills needed to keep us alive and stop having to sit around the Company AO until 18-1900 with nothing to do until the Company Training Meeting is over, because we’ve gone over the same classes from the same tired FMs over and over again, and the Ranger Handbook has no more pages left. It doesn’t have to be all dime-drills; how to stalk, how to spot enemy shooters in the reeds, how to search a vehicle or EPW the right way, how to drill appropriately on escalation of force – there are plenty of training opportunities. All you have to do is look at the CALL website and think together to make some classes. But the ‘Safety First’ mentality has us doing risk-assessments to death on any activity that could even remotely yield an injury. What is it, ‘The more you sweat in peace, the less you bleed in war’? Hello? As for the CIB, there are too many undeserving Soldiers wearing it simply because it was an ENTITLEMENT and not a VALOR award. Since the Army of One is all about entitlements, it’s only fair the FOB poodles all want one. They can goto Hell. And those same FOB poodles are the ones who will demean the Combat Action Badge. I can see it going to the MPs at Salman Pak, male and female – though I’d have preferred to see the Combat Armor Badge or some Cavalry equivalent awarded since they rode into battle on guntrucks. This is not to say the CIB is too good for these great MPs; I just feel they should be recognized as what they really are today: Cav Scouts. And you put the Combat Action Badge on some worthless FOB poodle (and you know which ones I’m talking about Bram, every unit has them) as an entitlement for being asleep at guard when a mortar strikes the other end of the FOB? That is flat out wrong, but in this feel-good Army everyone is supposed to be a ‘warrior’ wearing some idiotic dog tag addition with the latest four-line jingle, the Black Beret stolen from the Ranger Regiment, the feel-good ACUs that you can’t sew on skill badges (because we can’t make those people who can’t be bothered to goto Airborne, Air Assault, Pathfinder, Ranger School etc feel BAD for not stepping up to the plate) and in an age where a MILPER message last month from on high says ‘the words Soldier and Marine will be henceforth capitalized’ as if that empowers everyone? In such an Army, the CAB will sink and be cheapened no end. When something becomes an entitlement, it no longer becomes an honor to have it. And while you have heard me write furiously of the whole issue of the CIB/CAB, and other abuses besides, I wouldn’t be in any other job. For me, it’s just an honor to even walk in the shadow of some of the men I serve and talk as equals to some of the Soldiers I serve with. All I ask for is ‘for all who serve, their due measure of reward in word and deed for valor and fidelity.’ How damn hard is that supposed to be? Evidently, too hard for people entrenched in the system to do the right thing.

  6. PS – Bram? If you don’t have skill badges because you’re not in a unit that has a direct channel to Airborne/Air Assault/Pathfinder School or your unit doesn’t have a decent Pre-Ranger program, or screws you on a school budget that’s given to officers and senior NCOs to the detriment of everyone else? What I said above in the third to last paragraph doesn’t apply to you at all, so I’m sorry if you took it as a personal affront. It was totally unintentional. What I was referring to was that I see Soldiers here in the 101st who don’t want to goto Airborne (since we’re an Air Assault unit we don’t get that many slots, you know how that goes) but are begged to goto Air Assault School and don’t even want to try? Or say with total nonchalance ‘@#$& Rangers, Rangers are dumb’ and all they do is maintain minimum standard or less and count the days to ETS? Yeah they’re the rot under the barrel, the ones who think they deserve a CIB/CMB/combat patch for ‘just being there’ … like the Nation owes them a great debt for being gifted enough to ditch a dead-end job flipping burgers to come into the Army with an abysmally low ASVAB score and being ‘forced’ to ‘listen to other people’ and go on ‘stupid field problems’ … I say we use the Red Army example in the Second World War, use Penal Battalions, and drop all these idiots into someplace like the Rwanda-Congo border, FARC strongholds in Colombia, or the opium fiefs in Northern Burma. And then the people who want to goto military schools (as you undoubtedly do) can get the slots freed up from these monkeys who abuse their initial enlistment contracts with freebies to jump school and RIP, and get professional development the right way. Think of a world where you don’t have to do counseling statements, where NCOERs and OERs don’t exist because everyone does their job and we all know the idiots who ride fake Profiles, the Sick Call Rangers, Chaplain’s babies, and douchebags who yo-yo between E1 and E2 and are always getting Field Grade Article 15s, are getting eaten alive in some total hellhole fighting their way out and earning the right to say they’ve served their Nation, without the chance to go AWOL/DFR at the wrong time for everyone else. But nah, this is the Army of One, whatever that jingle is supposed to mean. Meanwhile, you can’t get recognized the right way even if you do something truly heroic because you’re not the right rank or the right MOS, and I have to wonder why, when I look at the CIB blanket awards for my unit, why such total rodents are in our midst and getting recognition no one in their right mind would say was rightfully given. By the way, this is why I wear my EIB and no combat patch. I hardly care anymore. Sounds like you still do, and your heart is definitely in the right place. We could use you here – our SIGO always needs good men – but you’re doing great things somewhere else. Hang in there.

  7. Bulldog, I am a former Marine now in the Army National Guard. My unit is Armor for now – that may change in the next year or two as they prepare to fight the last war. So I am still a little unfamiliar with some Army practices. For the NG, rifle qualification is only annual. Who cares? Look how many Guardsmen are in Iraq now. Our training NCO is a former SF Sniper and a great soldier who has taught this former Jarhead a lot about marksmanship and fieldcraft. I know he would like to get us more range time. I think the real bottleneck is just booking weekend time on a range and not having it taken away by a deploying unit before drill. Whenever we are at Dix he does block time for us in the video simulator – better than nothing. I guess the 25 days or so between drills helps build up my optimism. Some drills give me hope that the unit is going in the right direction, other times that hope is squashed. At least I have some good friends in the unit – many of them former Marines and Army active duty – and it is a relief to spend a weekend with them after dealing with some of the truly irritating civilians I work with. (Murdoc – Some of you civilians are good to go) What can you do? Chose your friends wisely. I always tried to stick by the guys who would step up when the shit hit the fan. Many of the Marines in my old unit I had pegged as shitbirds just ceased to function in stressful situations – for instance they just did not keep doing their jobs while we were receiving incoming artillery. Others stepped up and took over regardless of rank. It probably happens in every unit every time men go into battle. Some of the men who did step up and did extraordinary things were not recognized because many of the hiding shitbirds had lots of stripes and / or friends in high places. That’s okay, I know who the studs are in my old unit and will never forget them. I also have a real good idea who can hack it in my present unit and who I would never count on to watch my back. Stay safe buddy.

  8. If the Army wants to hand out medals, let ’em. It won’t be the first or last time in history. If you ain’t got an honest story to tell to back up the medal, then I guess it ain’t worth havin’. Don’t even put the thing on. I’ve seen Bronze Star medals get handed out to soldiers for service while others got them for achievement. Life Ain’t fair people. Just be happy to be alive. Stop bitchin’ about who you think should or shouldn’t get the crap. I’m just lucky enough not to be wearing a enemy marksmanship badge. Be happy with what you have and don’t judge people who you really don’t know the difference. Let people believe they did something even if they really didn’t. You are who you by the way you carry yourself. Not by the crap you wear on your chest. I have 14 medals to wear on my chest. (Not ribbons) Only one that I’m proud of, and it’s a coin. I had a guy tell me that he was pissed that he only got a bronze star for valor and not a purple heart. He complained about how his weapon stopped schrapnel that would have wounded him. Don’t be that guy…

  9. I have been awarded both the CIB and then the CAB I havent put on the CAB, and I dont think I will unless I could wear them both. I value the CIB more but I would not put down the CAB, all of my guys who got the CAB earned it.

  10. I understand the concept of wanting to award soldiers for doing fine work. I would like to ask, however, why this becomes the reason to do these deeds? Its not the uniform that makes the man, but the man who makes the uniform. If you’re proud of your branch, be proud in everything you do with that branch. We’re fighting an intense urban war here. When trying to win hearts and minds, we don’t need the large, destructive capacities that the other combat arms branches come to bear on the enemy. Face it, whenever a new soldier returns from his first combat tour of duty, his uniform is is accessorized. Tour medals, Combat Patches, and Overseas Service Bars make a uniform stand out regardless of branch. In fact, I don’t recall our cooks bitching about the fact they weren’t going to get a CIB. They didn’t need it to make themselves feel better about the job they did. Whenever I’m wearing my Class A’s, I get more questions about my Drill Sergeant Badge and Air Assualt wings then I do about my CIB…or more important to me, my Bronze Star for Valor. Seems to me that the people bitching about an award need to suck it up and drive on, or if you’re that much of a badge collector switch branches. Course if you bitch that much, you wouldn’t last that long in the infantry anyhow.

  11. I feel that the Infantry (I’m Airborne Infantry) should come up with a badge that trumps the CIB and is earned onced you have completed the Infantry course and awarded an infantry MOS. Infantry soldiers should not waste time fighting over a CIB or even be concerned about it because the CIB should not define a infantry soldier. I love the way the Navy Seals deal with it and when you look at the trident on their chest, you automatically assume that those individuals has seen some stuff. They just get a ribbon for seeing combat (not a big fan of that either) and they do not bitch about this crap. I don’t believe that infantry soldiers deserve a CIB for doing their jobs and the emphasis should be on earning the Infantryman’s Badge (I would name it that and it would also trump the Infantry cord), which means that the soldier that wears it is a warfighter and combat is expected from this individual. There is no need for another badge and then all the fighting over ‘who has been in a firefight or left the FOB?’ would go away. I find it disturbing to see guys crying about a CIB or if someone earned it, I could care less. The combat patch will say that you went to war and the Infantryman’s Badge would speak to your specialty during the conflict, and that’s all that is needed. I don’t care if you were in a 12 hour firefight or got stuck doing convoy security, you went overseas and performed your job under combat conditions, and that is all that matters. To address the issue of the CIB, I would just say that all this crap about firing your weapon or getting in a firefight is ridiculous. You got guys conducting 4-6 hour patrols in terrorist/insurgents areas and conducting raids against the enemy, and many times not one shot is fired. Those guys deserve a CIB because they conducted COMBAT operations (Raids, cordon and serch, and patrols) in a foriegn country while the threat of engagement is high. You will not fire your weapon during many of these operations, but that only speaks to the fact that you did your job right in most cases. It should be about the enemy threat and the area that the infantryman is operating from, not the incident of getting in a an ambush or being part of a large offensive. Every Infantryman that has stepped out on patrols, convoy security or raids should have earned their CIB. It is all about performing your duties with the threat of enemy contact. The unit awards would cover the large firefights and major offensives, while the CIB should honor the Infantryman that went out there and performed his duties under combat conditions, simple as that.

  12. you volinterd for the army they dident make you so if you just joind to get badges and think your cool get out now! ok i a person like you has no courge or honer The Army is undergoing a major transformation in the way it does business. Just as Army Values guide the thinking, behavior, and professional ethos of every warrior, so will those same values guide the actions of those who support and sustain them. The American people hold the entire Army to a higher standard, not just the front-line Warriors. The priorities we set, the efficiencies we gain, the continuous improvements we achieve, will be attained in keeping with our Army Values. This transformation brings with it many challenges to overcome. Still, we will continually measure ourselves and our success by our adherence to those values. Bear true faith and allegiance to the US Constitution, the Army, your unit, and other soldiers. loyalty…………. Be loyal to the nation and its heritage. Loyalty is a two-way street: you should not expect loyalty without being prepared to give it as well. The loyalty of your people is a gift they give you when, and only when, you deserve it–when you train them well, treat them fairly, and live by the concepts you talk about. Remember Soldiers fight for each other–loyalty is that commitment. Loyalty extends to all members of all components of the Army. Both the reserve component–Army National Guard and Army Reserve–and Army civilians all play an increasingly active role in the Army’s mission. Fulfill your obligations. The essence of duty is acting in the absence of orders or direction from others, based on an inner sense of what is morally and professionally right…. duty…………… Duty begins with everything required of you by law, regulation, and orders; but it includes much more than that. As a professionals do your work not just to the minimum standard, but to the very best of your ability. Commit to excellence in all aspects of your professional responsibility so that when the job is done they can look back and say, ‘I couldn’t have given any more.’ Take the initiative, figuring out what needs to be done before being told what to do. What’s more, take full responsibility for your actions and those of your subordinates. Never shade the truth to make the unit look good–or even to make others feel good. Instead, follow your higher duty to the Army and the nation. respect………. Treat people as they should be treated. Army leaders honor everyone’s individual worth by treating all people with dignity and respect. The leader who feels and gives the respect which is due to others cannot fail to inspire in them regard for himself. While he who feels, and hence manifests, disrespect toward others, especially his subordinates, cannot fail to inspire hatred against himself. Respect for the individual forms the basis for the rule of law, the very essence of what makes America. In the Army, respect means recognizing and appreciating the inherent dignity and worth of all people. This value reminds you that your people are your greatest resource. selfless service……….. Put the welfare of the nation, the Army, and your subordinates before your own. Selfless service leads to organizational teamwork and encompasses discipline, self-control and faith in the system. Selfless Service means doing what’s right for the nation, the Army, your organization, and your people–and putting these responsibilities above your own interests. The needs of the Army and the nation come first. Selfless service means that you don’t make decisions or take actions that help your image or your career, for a team to work, the individual has to give up self-interest for the good of the whole. The requirement for selflessness doesn’t decrease with one’s rank; it increases. honor….. Live up to all the Army values. What is life without honor? Degradation is worse than death. – Lieutenant General Thomas J. ‘Stonewall’ Jackson Honor provides the ‘moral compass’ for character and personal conduct in the Army. Though many people struggle to define the term, most recognize instinctively those with a keen sense of right and wrong, those who live such that their words and deeds are above reproach. Honor is demonstrating an understanding of what’s right and taking pride in that reputation means this: Live up to all the Army values. Implicitly, that’s what you promised when you took your oath of office or enlistment. You made this promise publicly, and the standards–Army values are also public. To be an honorable person, you must be true to your oath and live Army values in all you do. integrity………….. Do what’s right–legally and morally. The American people rightly look to their military leaders not only to be skilled in the technical aspects of the profession of arms, but also to be men of integrity. People of integrity consistently act according to principles–not just what might work at the moment. People of integrity do the right thing not because it’s convenient or because they have no choice. They choose the right thing because their character permits no less. Conducting yourself with integrity has three parts: –